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Ntchentche

Fly, (order Diptera), iliyonse mwa ambiri tizilombo yodziwika ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mapiko awiri okha oti athawire ndikuchepetsa mapiko awiri achiwombankhanga (otchedwa halteres) omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera. Teremuyo kuuluka amagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupifupi pafupifupi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timauluka. Komabe, mu entomology dzinali limatanthauza makamaka pafupifupi mitundu 125,000 ya ma dipterans, kapena ntchentche "zowona", zomwe zimafalitsidwa padziko lonse lapansi, kuphatikiza kum'mwera kwa mapiri komanso mapiri ataliatali.

Ma Dipteran amadziwika ndi mayina odziwika ngati ma gants, midges, udzudzu ,, ndi oyendetsa masamba, kuphatikiza ntchentche zamitundu yambiri, kuphatikiza ntchentche za akavalo, ntchentche zapakhomo, ntchentche zowuluka, ndi zipatso, njuchi, kuba, ndi ntchentche za kireni. Mitundu ina yambiri ya tizilombo amatchedwa ntchentche (mwachitsanzo, agulugufe, ma caddisflies, ndi mayflies), koma mapiko awo amatenga kusiyanitsa ndi ntchentche zenizeni. Mitundu yambiri ya ma dipterans ndiofunika kwambiri pachuma, ndipo ina, monga ntchentche wamba ndi udzudzu wina, ndizofunikira monga onyamula matenda. Mwawona  woyendetsa.

M'chilimwe, pali ntchentche ndi tizilombo tina tomwe timauluka pafamuyi. Palinso tizilombo tambiri paminda. Zigamba za tizilombo ndi zosokoneza paulimi. Chokwiyitsa kwambiri tizilombo timeneti ndi ntchentche. Ntchentche sizovuta kwa alimi okha, komanso zimakwiyitsa anthu wamba.Njanji zimatha kufalitsa mitundu 50 ya matenda ndi matenda ofunikira omwe akukhudza ulimi wa ziweto ndi nkhuku, monga fuluwenza avian, matenda a Newcastle, phazi ndi pakamwa, nkhumba malungo, avian polychlorobacellosis, avian colibacillosis, coccidiosis, ndi zina. Pakabuka mliriwu, umatha kufalitsa kufalikira kwa miliri, ndipo ntchentche zambiri m'makola a ziweto zimatha kuyambitsa mkwiyo ndi kuipitsidwa kwa nkhono za mazira. Mafilimu amathanso kufalitsa matenda osiyanasiyana opatsirana aumunthu, kuwopseza thanzi la ogwira ntchito.

 Ndiye alimi ayenera kuchita chiyani ndi ntchentche?
 1. Kulamulira thupi
 Kupewera ndi kuwongolera ziweto ndi malo oswana a nkhuku ndikuyenera kutsuka ndowe munthawi yake, makamaka tcherani khutu lakufa la zimbudzi ndi zimbudzi. Zinyalala zanyama ziyenera kukhala zowuma momwe zingathere. Kwa zinyalala zaulimi ndi nkhuku zoswana zinyama, ziweto ndi nkhuku zodwala ndi zolemala ziyenera kuthandizidwa munthawi yake, kuchokera pagwero kuti zithetse kapena kuchepetsa malo oswana a udzudzu ndi ntchentche.
 2. Kuwongolera kwachilengedwe
 Kulamulira mwachilengedwe udzudzu ndi ntchentche ndikulima adani achilengedwe m'zimbudzi. Adani achilengedwe a udzudzu amaphatikizira agulugufe ndi mavu a nalimata. Mwachilengedwe, palibe adani achilengedwe a udzudzu ndi ntchentche mu ndowe, ndipo ndowe zanyama zowuma ndizothandiza kwambiri pakukula kwa adani achilengedwe a udzudzu ndi ntchentche.Ngakhale kuti njirazi zitha kupha ntchentche munthawi yochepa, sizingathe kuthetseratu ntchentche. Ngati mukufuna kuchotsa ntchentche, muyenera kudalira njira yasayansi.Misampha yaposachedwa kwambiri ya ntchentche idabadwa ndikutumizidwa kuchokera ku Germany. Theka la ola mutayatsa magetsi, ntchentche zonse m'chipindacho zinasowa, iyi ndiyo njira yasayansi kwambiri yothetsera ntchentche, zosavuta kwambiri!Wowononga ntchentche ndi nthano yotsatsa, ndipo mabanja opitilira 100,000 akugwiritsa ntchito. Ichi ndi chinthu chabwino kwambiri chomwe chimagwira ntchentche zokha! Oyenera minda, malo odyera, malo odyera, misika yazakudya, malo opangira zakudya ndi minda ndi malo ena.Ntchentche zimakhala ndi fungo lamphamvu la shuga, viniga, ammonia ndi nsomba. Ntchentche zikayamwa nyambo, adzayendetsedwa ndi msampha wa ntchentche ndikusinthasintha kwa mbale yozungulira.
 

 


Nthawi yamakalata: May-19-2021